Depression Types, Causes, Treatment and Prevention


Depression simply is the mood disorder that causes the alternation of the mood, sleep, concentration, and gloominess and in the severe case suicidal attempt. Depression causes series of undesirable effect in the human body due to this adequate understanding of the depression is vital to obtain sound health.

Depression is the byproduct of the chronic condition, which necessitates the adequate understanding of how to handle it. It is estimated that the normal passage time of the depression to be around six to eight months.

Depression is the normal natural phenomenon. Anyone can get frustrated in mundane life and expected some experience of depression like sadness, loss of self-esteem. Unless the symptoms last for the considerable period of time such as weeks or month it does not essential to worry about it.


Anyone with the serious forms of the depression like that of the clinical depression or the major depression and sometimes also known as the major depressive disorder needs to consult the medical personal. A physician can prescribe the drugs by examining the severity of the depression one is suffering.

There are several types of research pointing out the frequent occurrence of the cases of the depression in the female. Female are more prone to depression than male due to various reasons.

Often the low level of the serotonin is associated with the occurrence of the depression. Serotonin is the neurotransmitter, which carries the signals between the brain and the cell.

Table of Content

Types of Depression

1. Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
2. Antenatal or Prenatal Depression
3. Psychotic Depression
4. Persistent Depressive Disorder
5. Atypical Depression
6. Situational Depression

Symptoms

1. Cognitive Disorder
2. Irritability
3. Anger
5. Insomnia
6. Speaking too Quick to Too Slow
7. Loss of Appetite
8. Pessimism
9. Suicidal Attempt
10. Blood Pressure
11. Creativity
12. Hair Loss
13. Joint Pain
14. Thyroid
15. Loss of Libido

Causes

1. Genetic
2. Child Hood Trauma
3. Alcohol
4. Vitamin D
5. Intake of Reined Sugar and Caffeinated Drink
6. Disease Such as Cancer
7. Hypothyroidism
8. Medication

Prevention of Depression

1. Diet
2. Relaxation Techniques
3. Social
4. Sunshine Exposure
5. Beach
6. Rock Salt
7. Depression Light
8. Adequate Sleep
8. Avocado
9. Garlic
10. Brazilian Nut
11. Antioxidant
12. Cardamom
13. Apple
14. Omega Oil
15. Medication


Types of Depression


There are various types of the depression and every type of the depression requires specific ways to handle.

1. Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)


This is recurring depression especially occurring in the winter season. This is marked by the abrupt mood disorder in the time of the occurrence. In rest, the season of the season such people do not experience some forms of the depression.

Lack of the sunlight creates several hindrances in the normal behavioral pattern in the human body. Sunlight is vital for the production of the serotonin in the human body.

There are various options available for the treatment like the light therapy and many other alternative therapies. Various antidepressants like the serotonin reuptake inhibitors are used for the treatment of the depression.

 

2. Antenatal or Prenatal Depression


A small fraction of the women that is less than twenty percent suffers from the depression during the pregnancy often known as the postpartum depression.

Unless the women have the adverse sign of the abstaining from eating and gaining massive weight medical treatment is generally not required.


3. Psychotic Depression


This is the severe form of the depression marked by hallucination, paranoia, delusion, etc (1).

This type of the depression required hospitalization and close monitoring from the trained medical personal.

Usually, the alternative methods to soothe this type of depression produce the nugatory effect.

4. Persistent Depressive Disorder


Persistent depressive disorder is often known as the dysthymia. This is the chronic type of the depression. The common signs of the persistent depressive disorder are the loss in the interest in mundane activates, gloominess, mood swing, etc.

Serotonin reuptake inhibitors are used in the treatment of the depressive disorder is several individuals. These medication increase the availability of the serotonin by minimizing the uptake by the brain.

5. Atypical Depression


This depression is marked by the several distinct symptoms. Some of the common symptoms are the alternation in sleep patternless or more sleeping, rapid mood swing, massive fatigue, massively sensitive, etc.

This is often coined as the common form of the depression (2).


Monoamine oxidase inhibitors are frequently used in the treatment of the atypical depression despite their immense side effect in the human health.

6. Situational Depression


Various mundane chaos during the life causes the seasonal depression often known as the short-term depression or adjustment disorder. Chaotic life events like the loss of the job, divorce, retirement, death of the close friend, relative and family member and much other cause can cause the situational depression.

Generally, the good companion and family therapy for children and teenagers ease the situational depression.

Generally, these types of the depression ease with the time. In few instance, the situational depression required the medical attention.

Symptoms


There are several symptoms of the depression. Some common symptoms of the depression occurrence are:

1. Cognitive Disorder


During the various stage of the depression, cognitive function can be impaired. The conative disorder causes the problem in thinking. Although the cognitive disorder is sometimes associated with the bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.

This can produce series of the obstacle in the mundane activities.


2. Irritability


Irritability is commonly experienced by the person suffering from the depression. The rapid mood swing during the depression aids in the irritability. This obstructs individual from socialization and leads to the isolation which in turn increases the loneliness.

3. Anger


Anger is one of the indications of the depression. Peron with the incessant feeling of the anger is most probably suffering from depression. As the depression is the mood disorder which manifests itself in the form of anger (3).

Anger has several adverse consequences in not controlled well ahead of time.

5. Insomnia


Inability to sleep is often associated with the depression. Depending upon the type and stage of depression one can have massively alternation of the sleep schedule. Lack of sleep can be associated with various ailments in the human body like depression.

Insomnia is frequently encountered in the person suffering from depression in less than fifteen percent individuals.

6. Speaking too Quick to Too Slow


A speech disorder is commonly experienced by the one suffering from the depression. Due to slow speech person around can have massive difficulty in understanding it.

7. Loss of Appetite


Loss of the appetite is the short-term side effect of the depression. Due to the loss of the appetite, one can become prone to the malnutrition due to insufficient diet. Malnutrition can cause several noisome due to the adverse effect.

Although the loss of the appetite is not experienced by the majority of the person suffering from the depression.

8. Pessimism


Due to the inability to cope with the mundane situation by the one suffering depression one get pessimism. There is various literature claiming the pessimism as the root of the depression.

9. Suicidal Attempt


This is marked as one of the adverse effects of the depression on the individuals and the society. This often arises during the clinical depression.

Anyone with the suicidal thought needs to consult the physician for the possible causes of it.

10. Blood Pressure


Depression is marked by the increase in the blood pressure often known as hypertension in the human body. This is due to the lack of the dopamine (4).


11. Creativity


There are various causes of the demise of the creativity and the occurrence of the depression in different individuals.

Not only the depression demise the creativity but the creative people are more inclined to suffer from the depression at the different age of the life cycle.

12. Hair Loss


There are rare cases of the hair loss by the one suffering from the depression (5).

13. Joint Pain


There is the cause of the joint pain and back pain by the one suffering from the depression. There is the distinct link between the occurrence of the depression and various physical symptoms in the human (6).

14. Thyroid


Underactive thyroid is frequently associated with the occurrence of the depression in the human body (7).

This is marked by the demise in the metabolic activity leading to the massive gain in weight in short period of time.

15. Loss of Libido


Libido can simply be defined as the sexual desire. The occurrence of the depression is marked by the demise of the sexual power of the several individuals.

Causes


There is the various Cause of the occurrence of the depression. As the depression is the alternation of the body chemistry and there are several triggering factors for the occurrence of the depression in the human body. Some of the widely noticed causes of the depression are summarized below.

1. Genetic


Almost all the part of the human body is controlled by the genes (8).

Gene is the substance in the chromosome, which function as the transfer of genetic information from parents to offspring. Due to inheritable nature, there are fewer options to prevent disease inherited.

There is the various disease which is inherited among them is the depression.

Being proactive and avoiding the mental tension can soothe the occurrence of the genetic depression.


2. Child Hood Trauma


Childhood trauma like early loss of parents, pedophile, and truculence family can cause depression. There is the distinct association between the childhood trauma and the occurrence of the depression in the adulthood in various individuals (9).

3. Alcohol


Alcohol is also known as the chronic depressant. Massive intake of the alcoholic drink on the daily basis can make the body prone to the depression.

Alcohol has the damaging effect of the brain massive intake of the alcohol on the regular basis makes the human body vulnerable to depression.

4. Vitamin D


Various researchers around the globe are pointing out the low level of the vitamin D and the occurrence of the depression in the human body (10).

Although vitamin D is naturally synthesized by the human body when exposure to the sunshine. Insufficient exposure to the sunshine and lack of adequate intake of the food which contains vitamin D makes the body porn to the several diseases like depression.

5. Intake of Reined Sugar and Caffeinated Drink


Consuming the food with the high glycemic index like refined sugar makes the body vulnerable to the depression. Further, the intake of the high caffeinated drinks increases the chance of suffering from depression.

6. Disease Such as Cancer


The occurrence of the disease like cancer, diabetes in the individual put the human under the state of constant fear and tension. Constantly thinking of the sadness can make the human body porn to the depression.

7. Hypothyroidism


There are some documented cases of the hypothyroidism and the Depression on some individual (11).

8. Medication


There is various medication widely used like the antibiotic, antifungals, antimicrobials, heart and blood pressure drugs, hormones. Tranquilizer, sedative and many other medications when administrating in the human body cause the depression.

Due this depression are sometimes coined as the side effect of various drugs.

Prevention of Depression


Due to various factors which trigger the depression some of the factors can be controlled and minimized. Certain lifestyle modification and intake of the food can drastically reduce the occurrence of the depression in different individuals.

1. Diet


Diet is vital for all the vital function in the human body. The importance of the nutrient obtained from the food to combat depression cannot be underestimated. Adequate consumption of the nutritious food indigenous human body with the essential nutrient required for the human body which in turns produces the sound health.

Depression is the byproduct of the alternation of the normal body chemistry. There is no specific diet which prevents the occurrence of the depression which requires the intake of the various types of nutritious food on the daily basis.

2. Relaxation Techniques


Various relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, yoga, warm up or any types of the exercise demise the occurrence of the depression. As the relaxation techniques demise the occurrence of the stress which is beneficial in the prevention of the depression in several individuals.

Various relaxation techniques can be used to treat the mild to moderate depression in different individuals (12).

3. Social


Being social can helps to combat the depression. Making the circle of the Friend, which shares the common interest, helps to prevent the criticism. Constant criticism can cause stress, which can lead to the depression.

4. Sunshine Exposure


Exposure to the sunlight for merely around ten to fifteen minutes is useful in the synthesis of the vitamin D and Serotonin from the sunshine which his useful in the prevention of the depression.

Sunlight is best in the treatment of the several forms of the depression like Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) in the human body.


5. Beach


A visit to the beach is claimed to envious the body with the new freshness. Beach air is lush with the negative charge ions which are claimed to produce several beneficial effects in human heath. This can be potent in the combat the occurrence of depression (13).

6. Rock Salt


Rock salt is used as the potent medication to soothe the occurrence of the depression in the various individual. Rock salt contains the valuable minerals which his helpful in mentioning the healthy human body.

Further, the lamp made of the lamp salt is claimed to purify the air, which aids in the occurrence of the depression (14).

7. Depression Light


Artificial light is often used in the treatment of the depression in different individuals. This is effective for the one suffering from the seasonal depression, which is caused by the insufficient sunlight in the winter season.

The light source, which has an intensity of the ten thousand lux, is used in the treatment.

A depressed person is benefited by sitting or moving in the proximity of the light source for merely few minutes every day.

8. Adequate Sleep


Sleep is vital to refresh the human body. Lack of the sleep disturb the body normal mechanism and makes the body vulnerable to several diseases among them is the depression.

Making the constant habit of sleeping at the specific period of time can yield the better result (15).

8. Avocado


There are various researches pointing out the innate goodness of the avocado with the high fat and lush with the goodness of the nutrient can prevent the occurrence of the depression. Due to this avocado is often including in the list of the diet for the prevention of the depression.

Due to relatively high-fat content in the avocado, it recommended consuming in moderation depending on the age group (16).

9. Garlic


Garlic is the super food with the immense health benefits of consumption. Garlic is often widely praised herb to combat against the depression (17). Due to high sulfur content one needs to aovid consuming more than one garlic every day. 

10. Brazilian Nut


The presence of the trace amount of the selenium in the Brazilian nut is claimed to produces the beneficial effect during the occurrence of the depression in several individuals (18).

11. Antioxidant


Intake of the food high in the antioxidant is claimed to be effective in the prevention of the depression. Almost all the fruits and vegetable we consume every day are lush in the antioxidant.

It is essential to avoid industrially processed food and refined food and intake the healthy food in the daily basis to combat the depression (19).

12. Cardamom


Cardamom is the spice that is wieldy used around the world. Due to humongous health benefits of the cardamom, it is often used in the treatment of the depression. The cardamom tea made from the cardamom and scant amount of cardamom power consumption can soothe the depression occurrence (20).

13. Apple


Traditionally apple is consumed with the honey to minimize the occurrence of the depression (21).

14. Omega Oil


There are three types of the omega oil they are 3, 6 and 9. The omega nine is synthesized by the body and three and six needs to constantly intake in the form of the diet.

Omega oil is found in the fish and flax seed, walnut and is claimed to be effective in the combat of the depression.

There is district relation with the demise in the occurrence of the depression and consumption of the omega oil (22).

15. Medication


There is various medication available to treat the depression among them are the serotonin reuptake inhibitors are frequently used.


The intake of the medication needs to be taken with the adequate guidance of the medical personal.

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