Debunk the Notion Behind the Popularity of Potato


Potato is one of the world most widely consumed food. The reason for the popularity of the potato is its easy cultivation process and it is lush with the goodness of nutrition.

The term potato refers to as the edible tuber (1). They are various types of potato among them white and sweet potato is highly popular around the globe. It is estimated that there are four thousands different varieties of potato found around the world.

Potato is lush with the carbohydrate that can be great source of energy due to starch innate in it. Being the complex carbohydrate the starch slowly release in the blood and does not spike the blood glucose level.

Almost all the civilization around on the world flourish on the diet of the potato. Due to this potato is considered one of the miracle food in the human history.



Domestication of Potato


Potato is believed to be domesticated from eight to five thousand Before Christ (BC) in Peru (2).

Consumption


Human accounts for two third of the potato consumption whereas animal account for one-third consumption of the potato produced around the globe.

Green Skin Potato


Sometimes the color of the skin of the potato turns green. This is due to exposure to the sunlight on the potato. Exposure to sunlight develops the poisonous alkaloid which is bitter in taste.

It is essential to cut the green part of the potato before consumption.



Cultivation


The cultivation of potato is easier than other plants. There is the need to insert the small cut of the potato or seed potato inside the soil.

The herbaceous plant potato does not require intensive care than other plants. China accounts for the world largest production of the potato (3).

Climatic Requirement


Potato can grow in the verity of climatic condition. It avoids the permafrost soil and the frosty environment. Soil temperature above twenty-seven-degree centigrade potato the tuber formation gets halt (4).

Word of Caution


Potato is lush with the complex carbohydrate that requires time to get digested in the human body. Anyone can feel hungry immediately after eating potato due to extended digestion time. This makes prone to consume more food.

Anyone with the diabetic needs to consume the potato in moderation.



Nutrition


The predominant part of the potato is comprised of the carbohydrate which comprises of more than seventeen percent by volume, two percent of protein and the scant amount of fat.

Vitamins present in the potato are the C, E, K and B-complex vitamin-like B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, and B9.

Minerals present in the potato are the calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, zinc, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, etc. in different proportion (5).

Health Benefit of the Potato


1. Diarrhea


Potato is the excellent alternative for anyone suffering from diarrhea. Due to high carbohydrate content and lush with potassium potato combined with rice can yield better result during diarrhea (6).

2. Weight Gain


Moderate consumption of the steamed potato can be beneficial for anyone wishing to gain the weight.

Deep frying potato in the oil can lade the oil and salt in the potato and reverse the scenario.



3. Blood Pressure


Potato has the capacity to mention the adequate blood pressure in the body. Potato is lush with the potassium and contains scant amount of sodium that can be beneficial for the adequate maintenance of blood pressure in the human body.

Potassium has the capacity to lower the blood pressure in the blood (7).

4. Energy


Potato is lush with the carbohydrate that can provide the adequate amount of energy required for human body. Further, the presence of vitamin B complex accelerates the energy production process.

5. Constipation


The high content of roughage that is around two percent by volume in potato can be beneficial for the adequate bowel movement. With the facilitation of bowel movement, one can get rid of various digestive ailments like the Constipation.

It is essential to consume the whole potato including the skin for optimum benefits.  

6. Night Blindness


Sweet potato is lush with the Vitamin A that is essential for mentioning adequate vision. Due to this consuming sweet potato effective for vision (8)

7. Healthy Bone


Potato is lush with the goodness of essential minerals like the calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc required for human body. Due to this consumption of the potato can enhance the healthy bone.



8. Kidney Stone


The innate magnesium that is beneficial for the decalcification of the stone. further, due to low in protein content, the uric acid level gets balanced.

9. Cancer


Potato is lush with the goodness of the vital nutrients like Folate and roughage that is vital to combat the cancer.

10. Healthy Skin


Consumption of the potato enhances the healthy skin in the human body. It is due to the presence of vitamin C, B complex, and minerals like potassium, zinc, phosphorus, etc.  Consuming potato is effective in the combat of damaging effect on the skin by ultraviolet radiation, aging, pollution, etc. (9).

11. Enhance Cognitive Powers


Due to the elevation of the glucose level and innate B complex and various other beneficial chemicals innate in potato Cognitive power is greatly enhanced.

Further, potato contains adequate amount of iron that is the essential component of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin transfer oxygen to the various parts of the body.



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